Fragments

Identify and avoid these common errors.


Fragments

Fragments are incomplete sentences. They are missing a verb, or a subject, or both.

  • First, the lack of exercise.
  • Furthermore, the huge development of the country, easy life and transportation.
  • Although the number falling.
  • Also the different kinds of entertainment such as videos and television.
  • For example, fast food, sweet things and oily food.

How can you fix fragments?

Add a subject, or a verb, or both. Try adding a phrase…

  • First, the lack of exercise has led to a big increase in the number of overweight people.
  • Furthermore, the huge development of the country, an easier life and luxury cars have meant that many people do not have to work hard.
  • Although the number is falling,many students still do not finish high school.
  • Different kinds media such as video and television can provide good family entertainment.
  • For example, fast food, sweet things and oily food can all lead to obesity.

Comma Splices and Run-On sentences

Comma splices are sentences that should be separate, but are joined with a comma. Run-Ons are sentences that should be separate, but are joined anyway.

  • In the past people did not have cars they used to walk. (Run-On)
  • Heart disease is a big problem it kills thousands of people (Run-On)
  • Our modern life is very easy, jobs are easier than they were 50 years ago. (Comma Splice )
  • The streets are full of fast food restaurants, people eat there very often. (Comma Splice)

How can you fix comma splices and run-ons?

  • Make them into two sentences.
  • Keep your sentences short.
  • Watch out if you find yourself using commas. Ask “Would a full stop be better?”

Examples:

  • In the past, people did not have cars. They used to walk.
  • Heart disease is a big problem. It kills thousands of people.
  • Our modern life is very easy. Jobs are easier than they were 50 years ago.
  • The streets are full of fast food restaurants. People eat there very often.

(This last sentence might better be rewritten as “The streets are lined with crowded restaurants” or “People enjoy eating in the busy restaurants”)

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