Cause and Effect: Outline

This is an outline for a cause-and-effect essay about fast food – how it become so popular and what its effects have been in the United Arab Emirates. It uses 4 paragraphs and a 3-7-7-3 layout (three sentences in the introduction, seven in the causes paragraph, seven in the effects paragraph, and three in the conclusion).

  • Past
  • Present
  • Thesis (Main idea or purpose of essay)
  • people used to eat

  • what people eat now

  • this change has had many effects

There are many reasons why fast food has become so popular…

  • Cause 1: Lifestyle
  • Cause 2: More money
  • Cause 3: Modern Life
  • Many people working long hours, no time
  • Women working
  • Young people have money to spend,
  • More eating outside the home
  • Advertising
  • Less time with family
  • New things, desire for change

These changes have had serious effects…

  • Effect 1: Health


  • Effect 2: Families
  • Effect 3: Economic effects
  • Obesity
  • Heart Disease
  • Diabetes
  • Less energy
  • Family not eating together
  • Family not talking over a meal
  • Waste of money
  • Multinational companies own fast food chains
  • New things, desire for change
Conclusion: Three Sentences
  • Both sides:


  • Future
  • Fast food is tasty but….
  • …fast food also has a downside
  • We need to look after our health in future

Now, click here to see the full Cause and Effect essay.