TOEFL Writing

Test of Written English Essay Ratings

TWE essays are marked on a scale on 1 – 6

Level 6 

An essay at this level

  • effectively addresses the writing task
  • is well organized and well developed
  • uses clearly appropriate details to support a thesis or illustrate ideas
  • displays consistent facility in the use of language
  • demonstrates syntactic variety and appropriate word choice, though it may have occasional errors

Level 5

  • may address some parts of the task more effectively than others
  • is generally well organized and developed
  • uses details to support a thesis or illustrate an idea
  • displays facility in the use of the language
  • demonstrates some syntactic variety and range of vocabulary, though it will probably have occasional errors

Level 4

  • addresses the writing topic adequately but may slight parts of the task
  • is adequately organized and developed
  • uses some details to support a thesis or illustrate an idea
  • displays adequate but possibly inconsistent facility with syntax and usage
  • may contain some errors that occasionally obscure meaning

Level 3

An essay at this level will have one or more of the following:

  • inadequate organization or development
  • inappropriate or insufficient details to support or illustrate generalizations
  • a noticeably inappropriate choice of words or word forms
  • an accumulation of errors in sentence structure and/ or usage

Level 2

An essay at this level is seriously flawed by one or more of the following:

  • serious disorganization or underdevelopment
  • little or no detail, or irrelevant specifics
  • serious and frequent errors in sentence structure or usage
  • serious problems with focus

Level 1

An essay at this level

  • may be incoherent
  • may be undeveloped
  • may contain severe and persistent writing errors

Level 0

An essay will be marked zero if it

  • contains no response
  • merely copies the topic
  • is off topic, is written in a foreign language, or consists only of keystroke characters